How To Properly Care For Your Skin At Home

How To Properly Care For Your Skin At Home

Skin type is a fundamental factor in the choice of cosmetics. Dry, oily or combination skin, each skin has special needs that can be covered with home care.
In this material, we tell you how to independently build a care program no worse than specialists.

You can read about the causes of dryness and the routine of dry skincare in a separate article.

If you often have a feeling of tightness, no oily sheen during the day, and the pores are almost invisible, you are probably the owner of dry skin. The care program for this skin type includes gentle cleansing, toning and, of course, moisturizing. Consider seven important rules.

1. Clean dry skin with the most gentle means: micellar water, hydrophilic oil, gentle milk or lotion. All these products must be washed off the skin surface with water at room temperature.

2. After washing your face, wipe your face with a tonic with minerals, aloe, glycerin, amino acids or oils. It will help restore the skin’s pH balance after using cleansers.
3. The next step is moisturizing. Suitable options would be a hyaluronic acid serum, cream, or fluid.

4. In addition to moisturizing, dry skin requires nourishment, as it cannot maintain a normal lipid layer on its own. Use a nourishing cream with natural oils and vitamins.

5. You can use one of two grooming regimens. The first is step-by-step: after the moisturizing serum, you apply a nourishing cream. Second option: in the morning you perform a moisturizing ritual, and in the evening – a nourishing ritual, or vice versa.

6. Use masks for deep hydration several times a week. Remember to moisturize your skin not only from the outside but also from the inside by drinking enough water.

7. Dry skin needs protection from the sun like no other. Therefore, apply SPF products even during the cold season.

How To Properly Care For Oily Skin

Oily skin, as the name implies, has actively working sebaceous glands and quickly becomes covered with an oily sheen. Usually, pores appear on oily skin, it is dense and embossed.

It is worth separating the concepts of oily and problem skin. From the point of view of a dermatologist, oily skin is just one of the existing types. We talk about the care of problem skin below.

  • The first and most important aspect of oily skincare is proper cleansing. Detailed information on how to cleanse oily skin can be found in a separate article.
  • Many girls, regardless of skin type, ignore the tonic, considering it useless. But the right tonic can significantly improve the appearance of the face. A good toner for oily skin restores the pH balance, soothes and regulates the sebaceous glands. Look for calendula, zinc, and sebum-regulating ingredients.
  • It is helpful to have a deep cleansing ritual for oily skin one to three times a week. Clay masks are usually used for this. It is extremely important for oily skin to renew itself in a timely manner, so peeling should definitely become a part of your beauty routine. Apply it with a mild gommage or acidic agent.
  • Despite being oily, the skin can be dehydrated. Use moisturizing serums, lotions, and fluids to replenish moisture.

How To Care For Combination Skin

Combination skin behaves as oily in the T-zone and dry or normal in other areas. A few basic rules will help you understand how to properly care for combination skin.

Cleansing… Due to the oily sheen, enlarged pores and occasional breakouts in the T-zone, owners of combination skin often choose too aggressive cleansers. This provokes an increased secretion of sebum in oily areas and additionally dries out those areas that are already dry – that is, aggravates both of your problems. Cosmetologists advise, on the contrary, to pay attention to more delicate cleansers. Remove makeup with micellar water or hydrophilic oil, then wash with a soft gel, foam, milk of your choice. If the contrast between dry and oily areas is very striking, you can clean only the T-zone with gel, and use only make-up remover on the remaining areas. But do not forget that both micellar water and hydrophilic oil must be washed off with warm (but by no means hot!) Water.

Toning . After cleansing, it is advisable to use a toner that will help balance the different pH balances on combination skin. The main requirement for the tonic is the absence of alcohol in the composition. For problem areas, products with zinc, nicotinamide and acids (glycolic, lactic or salicylic) are well suited. To restore hydrolipidic balance in dry areas, use a toner with soothing and moisture-retaining ingredients such as aloe vera or algae extract.

Exfoliation . Do a light exfoliation twice a week to remove dead particles and prevent clogged pores. Dermatologists advise choosing a soft scrub or gommage without large abrasive particles. Acid peels and products with retinol are perfect for oily and problem areas on the face – they serve to prevent rashes, accelerate skin renewal, regulate the work of the sebaceous glands and eliminate post-acne traces.

How To Take Care Of Problem Skin

We have already written about the rules for caring for problem skin, but we will briefly outline the main “commandments” for those whose skin tends to be capricious.

  • Even when the skin emits a lot of sebum, it should not be overdried with alcohol and other aggressive ingredients. This will backfire and lead to even more grease.
  • Once a week, it is useful to clean problem skin with a mask with clay or charcoal.
  • Avoid touching your skin and avoid crushing pimples.
  • Change the pillowcase as often as possible, and also remove hair from the face – following these basic rules will help reduce the ingress of harmful bacteria on the skin.
  • Despite the tendency to oily, problem skin needs to be moisturized. To avoid clogging your pores, look for a “non-comedogenic” label on your moisturizer bottle, or ask a dermatologist to find the right product.
  • Drying and anti-inflammatory agents can be applied to pimples, for example, tea tree oil or salicylic acid.
  • If you don’t have sore acne, you can wear light makeup. For example, even out skin tone with BB cream, and mask imperfections with a concealer. In case of problem skin, it is not recommended to use a dense foundation. If the skin is covered with a large number of rashes, it is better to refuse without makeup until the condition of the face improves.

Treatment of acne (this is how a skin disease is called in professional language, the symptoms of which are acne and increased activity of the sebaceous glands) takes a long time. And, sadly, usually only a few manage to get rid of problem skin once and for all. But keeping the situation under control is quite possible. The therapy is best done in conjunction with a dermatologist.

How To Care For Your Skin In Autumn

For those who regularly visit a beautician, autumn is the time for peels. The sun is no longer so active, which means that there is no risk of burns on the skin thinned after the procedure. In addition, in the cold season, the natural process of skin renewal slows down, and exfoliation stimulates it. At home, you can use soft rolls, enzyme or acid peels.

In the fall, any skin – even oily – becomes drier. Therefore, it is recommended to make your care more gentle and delicate. Use a moisturizing mask at least once a week, and choose a richer moisturizer for daily use. For example, if in the summer you got by with the lighter fluid, in the fall it may not be enough.

Another feature of the autumn period for our skin is the risk of vascular reticulum (couperosis) on the face. This is due to the expansion of the capillaries under the influence of temperature differences, for example, when you leave a heated room in a cold wind. If you have noticed a tendency to rosacea, get a face cream that strengthens the walls of blood vessels.


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